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deutsche sprache

 
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pc2
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PostPosted: Thu Jul 07, 2005 2:57 pm    Post subject: deutsche sprache Reply with quote

guten Tag

we are from Brazil
we have a doubt about German adjective cases.
why is there in the adjectives a weak masculine, weak feminine, hard masculine and hard feminine declensions for adjectives?
other thing: the nouns have no accusative form. is that true? because the adjectives do have.
and other thing, if it's not too much: what's the meaning of the -ung and -ig endings?

Grüße,
Paulo Marcos Durand Segal & Claudio Marcos Durand Segal
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PostPosted: Thu Jul 07, 2005 3:11 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

we said it wrong.

the adjectives are weak and strong. but what does that mean?
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Artemisia



Joined: 07 Jan 2006
Posts: 4

PostPosted: Tue May 09, 2006 3:42 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Hallo! I wish to learn German, but I think is not easy.
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nooby in english



Joined: 25 Dec 2006
Posts: 68

PostPosted: Mon Dec 25, 2006 3:44 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

the ending of -ung and - ig are the nouns.
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nooby in english



Joined: 25 Dec 2006
Posts: 68

PostPosted: Mon Jan 01, 2007 12:02 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Sorry, there is a mistake, i can not find a word is ending with ig too.
Other guestions?
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Zwanglos



Joined: 26 Dec 2006
Posts: 40
Location: Maryland

PostPosted: Mon Jan 01, 2007 7:20 am    Post subject: Re: deutsche sprache Reply with quote

pc2 wrote:
guten Tag

we are from Brazil
we have a doubt about German adjective cases.
why is there in the adjectives a weak masculine, weak feminine, hard masculine and hard feminine declensions for adjectives?
other thing: the nouns have no accusative form. is that true? because the adjectives do have.
and other thing, if it's not too much: what's the meaning of the -ung and -ig endings?

Grüße,
Paulo Marcos Durand Segal & Claudio Marcos Durand Segal


Hello.
'strong' and 'weak' endings come into play when we would otherwise be unsure of the gender of a certain noun.

For example, take the noun 'das Mädchen' (the girl), a neutral noun.
If we were to throw in an adjective between 'das' and 'Mädchen' it would be what's called a weak adjective, and it's used because we already know that the noun is neutral. For example:
'Das schöne Mädchen.'

But occasionally in German a noun will be used without an article (der das die, etc), and so the adjectives will have to change so that we know what gender the noun is.

For example, in 'das schöne Mädchen,' if we took the 'das' away we wouldn't know what gender it was. Thus, the adjective 'schön' becomes STRONG:

Das schöne Mädchen -> schönes Mädchen


This comes up a lot when using the indefinite article for masculine and neutral nouns, ein. Since 'ein' could be masculine or neutral, the adjective that follows it is usually STRONG.

'Ein schönes Mädchen.'

Hope that clears it up a little.

Nouns don't have accusative forms, no. At least not most nouns. There's a group of old nouns that will take on an -n in the accusative case. For example, 'der Herr' becomes 'den Herrn'

Plural nouns always add an 'n' in the DATIVE case, though.

--

-UNG endings for nouns almost always indicate that the noun is feminine.
die Entschuldigung, die Kleidung, die Spaltung, die Treffung, usw.

-IG is an ending for adjectives and adverbs that is formed from other nouns or verbs. The new adjectives/adverbs basically describe a state of being related to the original word.

der Stein = stone -> steinig = made with many stones
schlaffen = to sleep -> schläffrig = sleepy
das Wasser = water -> wässrig = watery
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